Chongqing, The famous historic city with three thousand years of Ba-Yu culture and the economic center on the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. It is also the hub of communications and famous tourist destination of that area.It is situated at the junction of the Changjiang (Yangtze) River and Jialing River in the southeastern part of Sichuan Basin, The city borders on Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou, Sichuan and Shaanxi Provinces. It is China¡¯s youngest municipality directly under the central government.
Chongqing covers an area of about 82400 sq km.
The average annual temperature of the city is around 18 degrees Celsius, with the lowest winter temperature averaging between 6 degrees Celsius and 8 degrees Celsius and summer temperature averaging between 27 and 29 degrees Celsius. It has a total annual sunshine time of 1000 to 1200 hours. It has mild winter, hot summers, long frost-free periods and ample rain, warm and wet, with rain and heat occurring in the same season. It has an annual rainfall of 1000 to 1400 mm. It often rains at night in late spring and early summer, and thus the city is famous for its ''night rain in the Ba mountains''. The area under Chongqing's jurisdiction is 470 kilometers from east to west, and 450 kilometers from north to south.
Chongqing, with its rich natural resources both on the ground and underground. There are rich plant resources in the territory of Chongqing, with a forest coverage of 20.49 percent. More than 6,000 kinds of various plants can be found in this area, including rare species of trees, such as the spinulose tree fern, the metasequoia, the bald Chinese fir, the cathaya argyrop-hylla, and the dove tree, known as ''living fossils''. With its extremely plentiful medicinal herbs, Chongqing is a major producer of Chinese medicine in the country. There are over 560 kinds of cultivated plants in Chongqing, mainly in four categories: rice, corn, wheat and sweat potatoes. Of the major cities in China, Chongqing is the richest in mineralresources.
What to see
Chongqing attracts visitors from home and abroad for its cultural heritage and other tourist attractions. Three Gorges of the Changjiang River, Mt. Jinyun, Mt.Simian are the national major famous scenic areas. Moreover, Baiheliang Stone Fish Inscriptions in Fuling, "The Capital of Hell",Dazu Stone Inscriptions,Taibai Crag in Wanzhou, the Lesser Three Gorges of the Daning River, etc, are all well-known scenic sites.
Hot pickled mustard greens, pomelo in Liangping and bamboo woven articles in Dazu, etc, are all famous specialities in Chongqing.