Hunan province, south-central China. It lies south of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) and is bordered by Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangxi, and Guangdong provinces, Chongqing municipality, and Guangxi autonomous region., and its capital is Changsha.
It has an area of 210,500 square kilometers.
It possesses the Population of 67 million. Geography Much of the terrain is mountainous; Mount Heng, one of China's sacred mountains, is located there.
Hunan in the sub-tropical area has a warm climate, with cold, short winters and hot, long summers. It has four clearly contrasted seasons, abundant rainfall, and a mean annual precipitation of 1,300-1,700 mm. Its mean annual temperature is 16 to 18.5 degrees Celsius -- the hottest month, July, averaging 26 to 30 degrees Celsius and the coldest month, January, 4 to 7 degrees Celsius.
Xiang Cuisine (Hunan Cuisine) is one of the Eight Great Cuisines in China. Famous dishes include Dong'an Chicken, Peppery and Hot Chicken (Hot and Spicy Chicken), Orange Beef, Sweet and Sour Chicken, and Crispy Duck, etc.
Xiang Opera, Huagu (Flower Drum), Shadow Plays, and Flower Lamp, etc.
What to see
Zhangjaijie National Forest Park was established in a particular scenic area in northwest Hunan. The high and steep Mt. Hengshan is frequently snow-capped in the winter, contrasting with the subtropical fields that one sees below it. The region along the Yuanjiang River is especially well known for its serene beauty. It takes its name, the Peach Blossom Fountainhead, from a work of Chinese literature from the Jin Dynasty (265-420). Historic Changsha, one of China's famous cultural centers, is the capital of Hunan Province. It is also a tourism center, offering its visitors many historical sites and other places of interest.
The traditional local specialties include Changsha Xiang Embroidery, Liuyang Fireworks and Firecrackers, Yueyang Fan, Changsha Xiang Lotus, and Yueyang Whitebait (salangid), etc.