It Situated in the lower reaches of the Yellow River, on China's eastern coast line, the province's territory consists of the Shandong Peninsular and adjacent inland. Protruding into the conjunction area of the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea, the peninsula faces the Liaodong Peninsular of Liaoning Province over the sea. Its inland adjoins the provinces of Hebei, Henan, Anhui and Jiangsu. The province stretches 420 km from south to north and 700 km from east to west.
It covers an area of 156,700 sqare kilometers.
At the end of the year2005, the total population stood at 91.8 million.
Shandong has a warm-temperate monsoonal climate, with hot, rainy summers and dry, sunny winters. It has a mean annual temperature of 10.5 to 13.5 degrees Celsius -- the hottest month, July, averaging 24 to 27 degrees Celsius and the coldest month, January, -4 to 1 degrees Celsius -- and a mean annual precipitation of 550-950 mm.
Shandong Natural Resources
Mainly relying on rainfall, the province's water resource is in scarcity, with only 520 cubic meters of water available for each of its residents, accounting for 18.8% of the national average of 2,770 cubic meters per head. A total of 128 varieties of minerals, 78% of that found in China, have been discovered in the province, of which 33 have their surveyed deposits listed among the top tens of the nation: gold, natural sulphur and gypsum rank the first; petroleum, diamond, magnesite, cobalt, hafnium, and granite are the second; and kali salt, graphite, talc, bentonite, and limestone are the third. There are more than 3,100 varieties of plant, including 645 of wide cash, growing in the province. One of China's major agricultural production bases, Shandong is known as "a warehouse of grains, cotton, and oil, and the land of fruits and aquatic products." The province is one of China's important energy bases, with Shengli Oilfield being the second largest of its kind in the country, and Zhongyuan, another oilfield, having a major part on its territory.
Lu Cuisine (Shandong Cuisine) is one of the Eight Great Cuisines in China.
Lu Opera, Shandong Kuaishu (singing and reciting, an art genre of Chinese Quyi)
What to see
The major historical sites in the Shandong Province are: The inscriptions on clay pots unearthed at Dawenkou and Dinggongcun are believed to bear the earliest Chinese written language. The ruins of ancient Longshan City which is considered the earliest city in China. Portions of the Great Wall built during the Qi State period which is believed to be the most ancient great wall in the country. The Confucius Temple, Confucius Mansion and Confucius Cemetery in Qufu.Shandong is also blessed with beautiful landscapes. The most famous scenic spots are Mount Taishan, Mt. Laoshan and the seaside of the Jiaodong peninsula. In 1987 and 1994, Mount Taishan, the Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Confucius Mansion in Qufu were inscribed on the China World Cultural and Natural Heritage List by UNESCO. Jinan, Shandong's provincial capital is one of China's most famous historical and cultural cities. It has numerous natural springs, hence its name 'Spring City'.
The main local products include clocks and watches in Yantai, Pottery and porceliain in Zibo, Kites in Weifang, etc. Besides, Laiyang pear, Yantai apple, Leling date and Jimo grape are all famous in China, and Qingdao beer, however, is world-famous.