Zhejiang Province, which is reputed as "the Land of Silk" and produces one third of China's raw silk, brocade and satin, lies on the southeastern coast. Situated 118.01-123.08 degrees east longitude and 27.01-31.10 degrees north latitude, it covers a coastline of 2,200 kilometers. Zhejiang boasts the largest number of isles in China, totaling more than 2,100.
70.4 percent is mountainous or hilly. Plains and basins make up 23.2 percent, and rivers and lakes make up the other 6.4 percent. It also occupies a large sea area. Along the coast, there are 3,061 islands each having an area of more than 500 sq m. This brings the total coastline to 6,486 km, the longest in China. Areas under cultivation total 1.613 million ha. Land used by forestry covers 6.397 million ha.
Zhejiang covers a total area of 101,800 square kilometers.
At the end of the year2005, the resident population was 47.196 million.
Zhejiang has a sub-tropical monsoonal climate, warm, humid and rainy. It has a mean annual temperature of 16-19 degrees Celsius, and a mean annual precipitation of 1,100-1,900 mm. "Plum rains" occur between May and June and typhoons between summer and autumn.
Zhejiang Cuisine, one of the Eight Great Cuisines in China, is best represented by Hangzhou dishes, including Beggar's Chicken (which is especially delicious with a pleasant aroma of lotus leaves), Dongpo Pork, West Lake Vinegar Fish, Songsao Shredded Fish Soup, etc.
Kun opera (Kun Ju), Shao opera (Shaoju), Yue opera (Yueju), etc.
Its reserves of stone coal, alunite, pyrophyllite, limestone for cement-making and limestone for construction rank the first in the country; fluorite occupies the second place in China and diatomite, the third. The reserves of silica, pearlite, granite, zeolite, silver, zinc, vanadium and cadmium all rank among the countries' top tens. Zhejiang has a total coastline (including island lines) of 6,486 km; with a total domestic sea area of 30,900 sq km. Zhejiang is famed as "a treasure house of plants in southeastern China." with a high forest-coverage rate. The continental shelf rich in petroleum and natural gas resources has very good prospect for exploitation.
What to see
It has 11 state-level scenic areas, including the West Lake, Fuchun River, Xin'an River, Thousand-islet Lake, Mount Yantang, Nanxi River, Mount Putuo, the Shengsi Islands, Mount Tiantai, Mount Mogan, Mount Xuedou, Twin-Dragon Cave and Mount Xiandu, in addition to its 35 province-level scenic spots. The Hangzhou River is a national holiday resort, and 10 other resorts, including Xianghu Lake in Xiaoshan, Oujiang River in Wenzhou and Mount Huiji in Shaoxing, are of provincial level. The Surging Qiantang Tides, a unique natural view, attracts numerous visitors from both home and abroad each year.
Zhejiang is the home of tea, of which Longjing Tea and Huiming Tea are higly renowned. Besides, silk, bamboo woven articles and embroidery in Hangzhou, orange in Wenzhou,etc, are all well-known in China.